A GUIDE TO FISHING

Fishing is such a peaceful and rewarding outdoor sport that you can do at any age with a little time and practice. It is a great way to either spend your weekend with family and friends or relax on your own. This step-by-step guide would hopefully be helpful to those who are interested in fishing, especially beginners to this sport.

fishing

 Get your gear

For a beginner, it is particularly important to get a suitable gear that is easy to use and provides you with adequate support to catch the fish. A medium-length pole and a rod with a comfortable weight are ideal. You don’t need a rigid rod that is more likely to break line though. A loose rod is strong enough for beginners to catch average fish.spinning reel

Two basic types of reels are baitcast reel and spinning reel. The latter one is more suitable to beginners. Making your way to a sport store with its wide range of rods and reels to choose from can make you overwhelmed though. Have a look at fishing websites to find the best spinning reel for yourself is such a good idea.

You then need an appropriate fishing line and a variety of hook. Although the line must match the type of your pole, you might want to buy the smallest line. Remember smaller hook and line mean more fish. Your hooks also need to fit with the kind of fish you are going to catch. Ask your local tackle shop to make sure you know about the hook sizing system so that you know what are best for the job.hook

You also definitely need to choose the right bait. You can either buy live bait or gather them on your own. Consider using worms, salmon eggs, grasshoppers, shrimp, liver, bacon and cheese. Keep them alive as long as possible in a bucket with water.

And you finally need something to keep your fish in if you are planning to keep them. Simply get a bucket or a fish cage with some water. You might also need a lawn chair and some wellies to keep your feet dry and a life vest if you are going to be fishing on a boat.

Pick a spot

You want a place where you would enjoy spending several hours outdoors and where you have a good chance of catching fish. Most common places are public lake, rivers, and ponds.  You might want to look for a place where deep water meets shallow water as most big fish living in deep water come into shallow water to feed. It is also helpful to talk to local fishermen to get some advice for the locations. Remember to ask about the kinds of fish you are more likely to catch in those places and what they are biting on.

Catch the fish

  • You want to tie your hook on your line with a right knot. Beginners should start with the simple clinch knot.
  • You then need to bait your hook. You generally need to hook through your bait as many times as possible to secure it on the hook.
  • Next step is casting your line. To begin casting, bring the rod back to your side and smoothly bring it in the direction you want to cast while releasing the line.
  • You might want sit back and wait quietly or reel in very slowly and lightly jerk the bait to make an impression that the bait is alive. If you have waited for 10-15 minutes and got no bite, try casting somewhere else.

Once you feel the weight of the fish or your bobber is pulled under water, you want to set your hook. If the fish is just tapping your line and bait lightly, not biting it, keep waiting till it take the bait. Some fish are light biters, so you need to respond quickly. Understanding the kind of fish you are catching would be very helpful.

You then pull the fish in by pumping and lifting the rod vertically while reeling. The fish might struggles to get free by jumping, making a long run, swimming back against the line or swimming around an obstacle. Remember that you need to reel it in to get it back to the boat no matter how it reacts. For beginners, try catching fish in small pond or lake. You can easily land the fish simply by reeling them in. If you are not planning to keep that fish, don’t play it too long or it will die from exhaustion.  When catching bigger fish, it is important not to reel while the fish is swimming away. You’d rather need to relax and let the drag and rod do the job. Keep the rod up at roughly 45-degree angle to the water and only reel when the drag stops moving and the fish stops taking line off your reel.

When you’ve got your tired out and reeled in, bring it out of water. For smaller fish, you can simply lift them by hand or by a fishing net quickly before cradling it around the belly to remove the hook. For a bigger fish with sharp teeth, a fishing net is most useful as it minimizes the amount you touch the fish. Place the net in the water and lead the fish into the net head. Remember not to stab the net at the fish.

Fix the reel

When your reel is not performance at its optimum performance, you might want to do a thorough cleaning or repair. A thorough cleaning and lubrication will fix many problems associated with the reels.

  • Begin by removing dirt on the exterior of the reel with a soft cloth.
  • Remove the spindle by removing any retaining screw or locking device. As the retainer is removed, simply slide the pool from the reel.
  • Once you can access the fearing for the spool, clean the gear with a towel and a brush. Inspect for any broken parts. If they are all functional, apply a small amount of lubricant to the gears and moving parts.
  • Wipe the spool down to remove any build-up of scum or other debris which slows down and impact the performance of the reel during casting. Inspect for any nicks, dents or chips. Replace it on the reel and secure.
  • Remove the handle from the reel by removing the small crew on the opposite side of the reel.
  • Clean the handle, threads and insertion point on the reel body. Apply lubricant to the threads and reassemble.
  • Use a small screwdriver to access the main body of the reel before cleaning any old grease and build. Inspect the gears for any damage before applying lubricant to the gear and reassemble.
  • Wipe the entire reel down with multi-purpose oil.

 

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MOST CRUCIAL EQUIPMENT IN FISHING

Fishing types vary in accordance with fish types, water depths and your own skills, such as: hand fishing, usage of handheld equipment or usage of nets and traps. People, however, mostly prefer using equipment as it requires less specific skills and is much easier to use. Especially when newly introduced to fishing, you are highly recommended to possess a spinning fishing reel which can greatly facilitate you in your fishing trips. Below is some indispensible equipment you need to prepare in advance of the trip:

Spinning reel

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Though spinning reel is optional for your fishing tackle, it will be of great benefits. This reel is attached to the fishing rod and basically used to cast and retrieve the lures. Thanks to its diversifying sizes and designs, spinning reels are applicable to both deep water fishing and surf fishing. To find the best spinning reel that suits for you, read more at http://spinningreelcenter.com/.

Fishing rod

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Even the best spinning reel will be of no use without asuitable fishing rod. It is advisable to buy the rod & reel combos instead of risking matching them inappropriately. When considering buying a rod, you should take your targeted fish and location into account.

Hook

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In fact, there are an enormous number of hooks which differ in shapes, sizes, materials, eye types and finally the intended purpose. Illustrated in the following image are the most widely used types of hooks:

Each type of hooks varies in sizes, however, there is no international numbering rule for these sizes. Usually, size no. 1 is the middle size of the range. The larger this number increases, the smaller the hook is; or in other words, hooks with higher whole numbers are increasingly smaller. Large hooks are referenced by the label “x/0” where x is a whole number and x is positively correlated with the size.

4

Line and Sinker

Sinker is simply a weight attached to the line or hook to enhance the rate of sink. As regards fishing line, there is a variety of lines due to their diverse materials and usages, however, there are 4 fundamental types, namely:

  • Monofilament line: This recently developed type is somehow the most preferable type thanks to its long casting, fair resistance to abrasion, considerable strength and translucence. This is also relatively cheap as compared to the others.
  • Copolymer line: Copolymer line possesses every advantage of the above-mentioned one, however, its resistance to abrasion as well as its thickness are higher.
  • Braided line: Braid’s knot is impressively strong extremely resistant to abrasion. However, it is highly noticeable in the water. This is also the most comparably expensive one of the types.
  • Fluorocarbon line: Line made of fluorocarbon is highly translucent but rather susceptible to damages.

The aforementioned equipment is crucial to your fishing trip. Sensible choice of tackle can be the determining factor of a successful trip. Once your fishing tackle is ready, just pack your bag and count on the weather.

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HOW TO START FISHING IN 8 STEPS

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 Fishing is the great outdoor activity for relaxing in your free time and having the fresh raw material for your delicious meal. Becoming an fishing expert requires a lot of time and efforts, but we can start to learn fishing from some basic step as below:

  •  STEP1: Getting some simple gear: rod and reel, tackle, bait, sharp knife, chopping board, a cloth to wipe your hand and hold the fish, first aid kits, etc ( optional items such as a bucket or gloves). You can find the best spinning reel in some websites like http://spinningreelcenter.com/ .
  • STEP 2: You have many choices: minnows, night crawlers, red worms and crickets, live prawns, squid. You can buy in the bait shop and try to get by yourself: Get minnows out of a nearby creek by using a dip net, look under stream rocks for crayfish, find red worms and crickets under logs and leaf litter. The bait depends on the type of fishing and the weather conditions. For float fishing, the common baits are mackerel strips, sand eels and squid.
  • STEP 3:Make your fishing knots: You can search some common types of knots: a lock blood knot, a clinch knot, etc with the guide video.
  • STEP 4:Choose the right fishing place: ponds, lakes, streams, rivers. If you live near the coast, you can catch all kinds of saltwater fish around piers and large rocks close to shore. If your place is inland, a pond can be your best choice- most ponds are loaded with bluegills and bass.
  • STEP 5:Understand the kind of fishing you are planning to catch. For example, if you choose the coast, you probably easy to catch mackerel. That fish is in the depth between 8ft to 20ft, in piers and rocks which are past the shore line. You must know the basic knowledge for each type of fish you want to catch.
  • STEP 6:Wait your first fish to bite: FISHING REQUIRE LOTS OF PATIENCE. You can enjoy the quiet moment which can vary from few minutes to few hours.
  • STEP 7:Do quickly when the fish bite: MAKE THE HOOK by raising the pole quickly, then hold your pole straight up in the air, so the fish will be yours.
  • STEP 8:Remove the hook carefully:  All of fish you are going to catch from shore don’t have sharp teeth, but some of them have spiny fins. Grasp the fish slowly and certainly behind the head. Use needle-nose pliers to remove the hook, and enjoy your results.

 “Practices make perfect”. Following the process will help you easier to start fishing. Good luck!

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How to Fish

Fishing is one of favorite hobbies. It attracts many people from the old to the young. However, not everyone knows how to fish, they often get troubles when they make acquainted with this sport. So, How to Fish? In general, fishing undergoes three main steps.

Step 1: Pick your fishing rod.

fishing rod

 The first important thing that you need to know is how to choose fishing rod. Depending on your aims and kind of fishes you want to catch, you will have to sort the appropriate fishing rods. For example, if you want to fish at lakes or rivers you should choose fishing rods which are 2.1-3m length, and if you go fishing at the sea, the ones which is 3.5-4m length would be suitable.

Besides, a fishing rod which is easy to use is a good choice. According to experienced fishers, shimano and daiwa are two kind of good fishing rods and affordable. 

Step 2: Pick your appropriate bait.

As you know, the favorite foods of fish are small shrimps, small fishes or earthworms, with these baits you have to keep them fresh to attract fishes.

Now the popular baits which are favored by fishers are plastic baits because they are convenient and can be reused for the following times. In addition, if you want to catch more fishes you should learn about the eating habits of fishes, their favorite foods, and spend time on making baits.

Step 3: Pick times and spots.

fishing 1

Depending on the kind of fishes, you should select the suitable time and place to achieve the best result. The kinds of fishes which live in the surface or middle water layer often forage during the day, those living in the bottom water layer usually prey at night or dusk. This is an essential point which helps you choose the appropriate time to go fishing.

Choosing the place decides the success of the trip. If you want to fish at lakes or rivers you should choose the location which is nearby bushes, gutters or where is less light and has plenty planktons. If you go fishing at the sea you should select reefs or coral reefs.

The experiences introduced in this article are expected to help you have a nice trip. I wish you success!

 

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How to choose a good spinning reel

  These days, spinning reels are becoming more and more popular to both amateur and expert fishers all over the world. It’s not only because it’s light and flexible, but also because it’s very easy to use, and surprisingly effective. Even a person who going on a first try with this device can use it well after a while of practice.

To find the best spinning reel for yourself, check out this website: http://spinningreelcenter.com/ and you will find lots of good quality spinning reels to choose from. If you are not sure about what features are the most important when buying a spinning reel for the first time, below are some suggestions.

Material

spinning reel 1

The first thing I want to mention is the material of the spinning reels. Spinning reels can be made from many different kinds of material, and the better the material’s quality is, the more expensive the reel is.

Anti-reverse feature

spinning reel 2

When you are looking for a reel, the most important thing isthe instant anti-reverse feature. That means when you turn the handle and then stop, the handle should not be able to move backwards at all. The ‘cheaper’ fishing reels usually do not have this feature, and that’s what would you want to avoid.Reels without anti-reverse feature can break easily after a short time, and the line can trail out and go slack when you use it.

Fishing line thickness

spinning reel 3

 Spinning reels can’t be used together with a heavy line (i.e. monofilament or heavy fluorocarbon line). They are made for thin and light line (20 lb test or less). The only kind of heavy line can be used is the braided line, because they are very thin in diameter.

Ball bearings    

ball bearing

 The purpose of adding ball bearingsto the spinning reel is to make the reel spin smoother, so this is also an important thing to check. However, you can’t really tell the different between the reels that has many ball bearings (i.e. 8 or 10 ball bearings). So as long as the reel have more than 3 ball bearings in it, it should work well.

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How many types of Fishing Lines

Fishing line choice is very important in fishing activities. Fishing Line plays a major role in bait and lures presentation, in hooking fish, and in landing the fish.

We can find  a large number of fishing lines online or in the store. However, we can divide them into five main types below.

Monofilament

fishing line 1

Monofilament fishing line is is used in a huge variety of fishing applications.  Mono is a word that means single. In fishing line that means a single strand of line .It can be used for almost conditions for fishing, especially best for freshwater fishing in lakes or streams. It has so many colors, including black, white, green, etc.

But  if the line has been stored for a long time,it may come off the fishing reel in coils or loops. Therefore, this line is suitable for anglers who have frequent fishing activities. This type of line also does not promise long-lasting durability against heat and water, so you should  change monofilament line at regular intervals to prevent degradation.

Braided

fishing line 2

Braided fishing line is one of the earliest types of fishing lines but during the past few years, it has been quite populer.

Nowadays, as there are more types of fishing lines become available,this type of line is mostly used as backing material on fly reels or as a big-game trolling product.

Braided “super line” is a type of fishing line made from braiding multiple line materials, which is created by latest technologies. It is super strong and has minimal stretch. It is great for casting but because it is extremely strong, you also have to prepare long-lasting fishing rods and reels to cope with the line.

Fluorocarbon

fishing line 3

Fluorocarbon fishing line is becoming more and more popular today because It is virtually invisible under water.  Fish are often line shy, especially in clear water, and invisible line helps overcome this problem.

Not only that, it does not absorb water and resists declension by sunlight, gas, battery acid.

However, you need to pay attention to the “balance” when you tackle. Using heavier fluorocarbon line will make you experience more difficulty if you use lighter rods, reels and lures to cope with the line.

Trolling Line

fishing line 4

Trolling line is the type of fishing line with natural or artificial baited hooks .A good trolling line should sink well and be capable of cutting through water without stretching.

The amount of weighted trolling line spooled on your reel is totally dependent on the species of fish you are targeting by the depth required. It has a controlled sink rate and always has color coded for you to recognize how deep your lure is running.

Fly Line

fishing line 5

 Fly Fishing line is usually used for Fly Fishing. In the sport of Fly Fishing, the line is a very important component in the delivery system that propels the fly to the fish. There are four main factors involved in choosing the right line, namely fly size, the size of the fish you are fishing for, wind & temperature and your skill.

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